Greece: The Temple of Olympian Zeus

Greece: The Temple of Olympian Zeus

 Today #MirVisaTravel will continue with some interesting facts about ancient Greek monuments.

The Temple of Olympian Zeus, also known as the Olympieion or Columns of the Olympian Zeus, is a former colossal temple in the center of the Greece capital Athens. It was dedicated to "Olympian" Zeus, a name originating from his position as head of the Olympian gods. 

  • The architect of the temple of Zeus was the famous Libon of Elis.
  • Construction began around 470 BC and was completed around 456 BC.
  • The temple was rectangular with six columns on the shorter sides and thirteen columns on the long sides. The columns were 57 feet high (17.25 meters) which is taller than those of the Parthenon.
  • The temple was built in the ancient Greek architectural organizational systems called the Doric order.
  • Inside they erected a huge statue of Zeus, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • The statue of Zeus was approximately 43 feet high (13 meters).
  • The famous ancient Greek sculptor Phidias made the statue. He also made the famous statue of the goddess Athena named the Athena Parthenos which can be found inside the Parthenon in Athens.
  • It took approximately twelve years to complete the massive statue and to place it inside the Temple of Zeus.
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